Remembering Western Sahara
According to the Moroccan Kingdom, Western Sahara does not exist. Since 1975, when the old colonial power Spain withdrew from Western Sahara, Morocco has occupied the territory south of the border. The consequences are long-lasting, and Western Sahara's indigenous population (the Sahrawis) is separated in two captivities. 160,000 Sahrawis are displaced to the Sahara Desert in Algeria, where they still today live in Refugee Camps. The rest of the Sahrawis live under the Moroccan occupation in Western Sahara with no fundamental rights to express opinions and assemble. A war between Morocco and Western Sahara's Freedom Movement, Polisario, lasted until 1991 when the UN negotiated a ceasefire, promising a referendum about Western Sahara's independence.

Drawing by
Klaus Albrectsen
In order to cut off the Sahrawis living in Refugee Camps from their homeland, Morocco built a wall during the 1980s that surrounds 85 percent of Western Sahara. With its 2,700 kilometers, the Wall forms the world's longest continuous minefield. To this day, Morocco controls the entire prolific part of Western Sahara, which is rich on natural resources such as phosphate, salt, and fish.Not a single country recognizes Morocco's occupation of Western Sahara, and the UN Security Council has repeatedly proclaimed the Sahrawis' right to self-determination. 28 years after the promised referendum, the Sahrawis are still waiting to choose the future of the territory.
Here, two stories dive into the conflict's consequences for the Sahrawi People.
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